Deep vein thrombosis is a serious health condition, which usually occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein or artery, particularly in the lower leg, pelvis or thigh. 

A blood clot represents a blood clump in a solid, gelatinous state. It can also form in other parts of the body. Deep vein thrombosis may get a serious health issue when a blood clot breaks loose, travels through the bloodstream and locates itself in the lungs, thus obstructing the proper blood flow.


The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute stated that the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis are likely to happen in half of the people who suffer from this condition. Some of the most common symptoms include:

• Tenderness and swelling in the ankle, foot or leg
• Leg pain, which usually starts off in the calf
• Severe, unbearable ankle and foot pain

• Affected skin area usually turns pale, bluish or reddish color
• Moving and walking difficulties
• Ulcers or scaling in the clot area
• Enlarged veins


There are numerous causes of deep vein thrombosis, which if left unaddressed may lead to a pulmonary embolism. In fact, if a blood clot detaches from its initial position, it can pass from the bloodstream to other parts of the body, leading to a pulmonary embolism. It can damage the lungs as well as other organs in the body. You should consult a doctor immediately if you are suffering from some pulmonary embolism symptoms. These include:

• Dizziness and lightheartedness
• Sweating
• Rapid heartbeat

• Coughing up blood
• Shortness of breath
• Chest pain


Deep vein thrombosis is more likely to happen in people older than 50. Some health conditions, which might affect how the blood circulates through the veins, can increase the risk of forming blood clots. These health conditions include:

• A family history of deep vein thrombosis
• Age
• Smoking
• Experiencing an injury, which damages the veins, like a bone fracture

• Being obese or overweight
• Having a catheter inside a vein
• Undergoing hormone therapy or taking birth control pills
• A sedentary life or prolonged sitting

• Pregnancy
• A history of stroke, heart attack or cancer
• Hormonal or menopausal changes
• Surgery

Certain diseases and health disorders can increase the risk of developing blood clots. These include:

• Hereditary blood clotting disorder
• Cancer
• Inflammatory bowel disease
• Heart failure


1. Quit up smoking

Smoking may cause many symptoms of deep vein thrombosis. Therefore, it is of utter importance to find a way to give up smoking.

2. Wear compression stockings

Wearing compression stockings can sooth the swelling and pain of the affected area and hinder the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis by reducing pressure and providing moist heat.

3. Vigorous exercise

A sedentary life makes people more susceptible to deep vein thrombosis. Therefore, it is of utter importance to take up exercising on a regular basis. The best type of exercise you can take up is to combine resistance training with aerobic exercise, such as running or cycling. In addition, take up exercises to strengthen the legs and knees, like squats, lunges or walking.

4. Switch the medications

Deep vein thrombosis can be also caused by certain medications, such as hormone replacement drugs, pressure medications, birth control pills and cancer treatment medications. Therefore, make sure you consult with a doctor before taking any medications.

The doctor should prescribe you medications or anticoagulants that thin the blood, like warfarin, unfractioned heparin, fondaparinux or enoxaparin. These medications prevent blood clotting.

5. Stick to a healthy diet

As we get older, following a healthy diet is vital for regulating the weight, maintaining the cardiovascular system healthy and controlling the blood pressure. Foods that are loaded with potassium, vitamin K and magnesium help regulate the blood blow.

In addition, cruciferous vegetables, dark leafy greens, sweet potatoes, avocadoes and bananas are highly nutritious foods.

Furthermore, make sure you drink plenty of water and stay hydrated. However, limit or avoid consuming too much caffeine and alcohol. It is also beneficial to include some herbal remedies and food supplements in your diet in order to promote the overall health.

Some of the foods, supplements and herbs that have anti-inflammatory and anticoagulant properties include:

• Green tea
• Apple cedar vinegar
• Fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids
• Raw honey

• Fruits, like pineapple, berries and papaya.
• Primrose oil
• Dark chocolate
• Herbs and spices, such as turmeric, garlic, oregano, ginger and cayenne
• Foods loaded with vitamin D and vitamin K, such as fruits, vegetables, eggs and some types of mushrooms.

Deep vein thrombosis is a serious health condition that can cause life-threatening complications. If you suffer from some of the symptoms mentioned above, make sure you consult a doctor immediately. Certain herbal remedies may have side effects and should not be taken by some individuals. Moreover, pregnant women should pay attention when taking herbs.