According to the scientists, there is a link between mental abuse and anxiety disorders. Moreover, traumatic experiences and stress can cause serious mental disorders, such as anxiety disorder.

According to Devon MacDermott, a psychologist of mental trauma, verbal abuse represents unwanted verbal interaction that can make the victim feel guilty. This verbal interaction usually happens between family members, siblings, close friends, etc.


Verbal abuse represents a use of language that undermines other people’s dignity and security through insults or humiliation. Verbal abuse may cause serious psychological conditions, which in turn may lead to lack of motivation, depression, stress, lack of concentration, etc. It can also inflict lasting abnormal physical effects on the structure of the brain.

Verbal and emotional abuse are similar, as verbal abuse can lead to emotional abuse, low confidence and self-esteem. In addition, verbal abuse in the long-term, especially in early childhood, can contribute to more serious health issues.

A list of short-term effects of verbal abuse

Some of the most common short-effects of verbal abuse include:

• Lack of enthusiasm and low self-esteem
• Overthinking
• Decision-making problems

A list of long-term effects of verbal abuse

The most common long-term effects of verbal abuse are:

• Depression
• Anxiety
• Headaches and migraines
• Post-traumatic stress disorder
• Chronic pain
• Digestive issues
• Thoughts of a suicide


If someone changes his behavior suddenly, these signs indicate that he may be experiencing verbal abuse:

1. Abusing in private place

All types of abuse usually happen in a closed, private place, such as home, work or school.

2. Undermining self-confidence

The victim is blamed for everything that the abuser does.

3. Name Calling Technique

Name Calling is a technique used by the abuser in order to control and manipulate the victim.

4. Attacking hobbies and interests

The abuser always attacks the interests and hobbies of the victim, so that they feel as they are not good enough.

5. Happiness spoilers

The success, hard work and achievement of the victim are never appreciated by the abuser. In such cases, the abuser feels as if he is losing control, so he responds by sabotaging the victim’s happiness.

6. Abusers are always right

The abusers act as though they are always right. They do not admit apologies and mistakes. Moreover, they quickly point out the mistakes of the others.

7. Isolation

The victim usually isolates himself from social engagements, because their damaged self-esteem makes them feel anxious when they are around other people.

8. Blaming

If the victim feels good, the abuser may lose control. In some cases, they may put down the victim, so that they feel superior.

MacDermott considers that verbal abusers are not bad people. They are probably acting badly, because they are experiencing some medical issues, such as depression, mental problems or substance abuse.